Sources: Smithsonian Folkways (www.folkways.si.edu) alt
Khoomei or Humai is the most incredible and distinctive vocal performance in Mongolia. Sometimes described as throat singing. It is said that through this method, harmony of up to 4 layers can be produced at the same time! Source: Mongolian Incredible Throat Singing 呼麦 (Youtube Video)
Reference: Mongolian Throat Singing (Youtube Video) Alternate short version (Youtube Video)
Source: Diphonic mongolian song (Youtube Video)
References: Overtone singing (Wikipedia) List of overtone musicians (Wikipedia)
Mongolian Throat Singing The Mongolian art of singing: Khoomei, or Hooliin Chor (’throat harmony’), is a style of singing in which a single performer produces a diversified harmony of multiple voice parts, including a continued bass element produced in the throat. These singers may perform alone or in groups. Khoomei is practised today among Mongolian communities in several countries, especially in Inner Mongolia in northern China, western Mongolia and the Tuva Republic of Russia. Traditionally performed on the occasion of ritual ceremonies, songs express respect and praise for the natural world, for the ancestors of the Mongolian people and for great heroes. The form is reserved for special events and group activities such as horse races, archery and wrestling tournaments, large banquets and sacrificial rituals. The timing and order of songs is often strictly regulated. Khoomei has long been regarded as a central element representing Mongolian culture and remains a strong symbol of national or ethnic identity. As a window into the philosophy and aesthetic values of the Mongol people, it has served as a kind of cultural emissary promoting understanding and friendship among China, Mongolia and Russia, and has attracted attention around the world as a unique form of musical expression.
Source: Mongolian art of singing: Khoomei (www.unesco.org)
Best Videos of Mongolian Throat Singing
Khusugtun Ensembleperformed 3 songs Live at the Royal Albert Hall, London (15 min) alt Khusugtun (Хөсөгтөн)- Mongolian music in London
#2 "Tooroi Bandi" Songs about Mongolian legendary hero
#3 "Mongols" Live at the Royal Albert Hall alt Audio
#1 "Tes Goliin Magtaal" (Audio)
Khusugtun - "Khusugtun" (Хөсөгтөн-"Хөсөгтөн")- MV Live Khusugtun- "Altargana"(Алтаргана) Audio Live alt Live
Buraid duu- "Altargana"
Globe Trekker "Mongolia" on PBS
Rainforest World Music Festival - Day2: Gongs Of Asia & Khusugtun (1 hr 7 min)
Tserendavaa & Tsogtgerel
Tserendavaa & Tsogtgerel6 methods of Khoomei Throat Singing by Tserendavaa Tsogtgerel at the Khoomii Symposium 2009 in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Tsogtgerel is the son of Tserendavaa and he won a gold medal. Tserendavaa & Tsogtgerel in concert, Paris, 12 May 2012
4 great masters of throat singing in Mongolia: N.Sengedorj, B. Odsuren, D.Tserendava & N.Ganzorig
Altain Orgil"Chinggis khaan" Live in Taiwan (www.tudou.com) "Khoorkhon khaliun" "Morin khuur" Zorigoo/Altain orgil
Altain Orgil in Taiwan (蒙古阿爾泰之聲) -1 -2 -3 -4
Altain Orgil ensemble Mongolian folk music-1 -2 -3
MoreFemale Mongolian Throat Singer Throat singing of different nations Throat singing - North style
Khusugtun EnsembleThe meaning of the name ‘Khusugtun’: The word khusug mean a cart of pastoral nomads. ‘Khusugtun’ means nomads, or more precisely people who move with carts. Moreover, the word describes the process of moving such as camel, horse and yak caravans, herd of livestock, and people guiding them etc.
Biography of Khusugtun Ensemble: The group was established in March of 2009 with six professional musician, to promote and popularize Mongolian ethnic music. Besides the group, all the members are musicians at the National Song and Dance Academic Ensemble. Their performance usually consists of melodies of folk music instruments such as Grand Fiddle, Horse Head Fiddle, Bagpipe, Zither, Dzimbe (Drum), and Dombor (Stringed Instrument Resembling a Lute) etc, and overtone singing. Five members of the group perform A Cappella with overtone singing. Since the established they have been very successful and already won several awards. Reference: rwmf.net/performer/khusugstun/
Tuvan Throat Singing
Tuvan throat singing is one particular variant of overtone singing practiced by the Tuva people of southern Siberia.
Tuva (sometimes spelled Tyva) sits at the southern edge of Siberia, with Mongolia to its south. Over the centuries, Tuva has been part of Chinese and Mongolian empires, and shares many cultural ties with Mongolia. In 1944 it became part of the USSR, and until the late physicist Richard Feynman drew attention to it, was largely unknown to westerners. Tuva is now a member of the Russian Federation. (Wikipedia)
Best Videos of Tuvan Throat Singing
Alash (Tuvan throat singing group)
Alash Ensemble- "Dyngyldai" Alash at Arts Council of Princeton Alash at the University of Texas
Alash- "Ene Sie" song name is ENE-SAY (tuvan transl: Grandmother-River). Ene-Say is one of the huge river in Siberia, Tuva people are always respect this river and named Mother-River or Grandmother-River. But Tuva is part of Russian Federation, and russian call this river "Enisey". Alash at Arts Council of Princeton
"Ekki Attar" (Good Horses)- by Alash alt Live in Chicago by Kongar-ol Ondar by Paul Pena
Reference: Alash Ensemble (Wikipedia)
Tuvan Throat Singing
Kongar-ol Ondar-Kongar-ol Ondar on David Letterman's Late Show Kongar-ol Ondar - Big River Reference: Kongar-ol Ondar (wikipedia)
Huun-Huur-Tu- Huun Huur Tu - "Chiraa-Khoor" at Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California at Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California (12 min)-Ancient Shamanic Rock 1 at Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California (12 min)-Ancient Shamanic Rock 2 at Philadelphia Folk Festival, August 2006 Reference: Huun-Huur-Tu (wikipedia)
ALEX KUULAR- "Feeling sunrise" Throat singing Throat Singing Dance project (Promo)
Tuvan Throat Singing Tuvan Throat Singing Seven Styles of Overtone Singing (Tuvan Throat Singing)
Biography of Alash Ensemble:Alash are masters of Tuvan throat singing, a remarkable technique for singing multiple pitches at the same time. Masters of traditional Tuvan instruments as well as the art of throat singing, Alash are deeply committed to traditional Tuvan music and culture. At the same time, they are fans of western music. Believing that traditional music must constantly evolve, the musicians subtly infuse their songs with western elements, creating their own unique style that is fresh and new, yet true to their Tuvan musical heritage.
What does throat singing sound like?"Imagine a human bagpipe-a person who could sing a sustained low note while humming an eerie, whistle-like melody. For good measure, toss in a thrumming rhythm similar to that of a jaw harp, but produced vocally-by the same person, at the same time." -Newsweek (March 17, 2006)
Reference: Alash Ensemble Website
Yat-Kha, a band from Tuva Republic, Russia
Non-traditional Throat Singing
Rock style Throat SingingYat-Kha (Ят-Ха-Their music is a mixture of Tuvan traditional music and rock)- "Coming Buddha" "Come Along" "Black Magic Woman" "Orgasmatron" "Uzhar LaBar" Live "Neve-Haya" (Legend of Mankurt) "Kaa-Khem" (Audio) "Yenisei Punk" (Deep In The Heart Of Tuva) alt Reference: Yat-Kha (Wikipedia) Yat-Kha Website
Khuumei Zorigoo (A former member of Altain Orgil)- "Mt. KHARKHIRAA" (Tsast Tsagaan Kharkhiraa) alt alt
Altan Urag (Алтан Ураг-A Mongolian Folk Rock band)- "Blue Mark" (Khokh Tolboton) Live Live Live "Marco Polo" Ending song "RaKH II" "hiliin chanadad" "Mother Mongolia" (Khadak soundtrack) "Ovgon savdgiin ulger" Requiem Uvgun savdgiin ulger Duujin Daajin Altan Urag - Davalgaa, Ijii Mongol Altan Urag, Naran- "Araatan" (Араатан)
Altai Throat SingingALTAI Kai (Алтай Кай) Kai kojon йно, ойно, Алтай (Играй, играй, Алтай) Komyzim El Jonym Altai Kai (Алтай Кай) at Sayan Ring alt on Turkish TV
Bolot Bairyshev Kai Kojon (Audio) alt Altin-Tuu (Audio) Shaman Altai Live at TengriFM: Bolot Bairyshev, Julia, Chyltys, Gulzada (12 min)
Kalmyk Throat SingingOkna Tsahan Zam (Vladimir Karuev Владимир Каруев) "Edjin Duun (Песня о матери)" (MV) alt Audio Audio "Akner Duner" (audio)
Turkish Throat SingingTraditional Turkish ( Tuvan ) Throat Singing - Kül Tigin Turkish darbuka & Tuvinian throat singing
Inuit Throat SingingTanya Tagaq-- Improvised Performance - an Inuit throat singer. Tanya Tagaq Performance 2 Tanya Tagaq Tanya Tagaq in Puebla Mexico Tumivut - Inuit Throat Singing - The Competition Song Inuit throat-singing demonstration Inuit Throat Singing Introduction - Inuit Cultural Online Resource inuit throat singing Throat singing "Dog and Wolf"
References: Inuit throat singing (Wikipedia) Throat Singing Music In Inuit Culture (www.freespiritgallery.ca)
Rekuhkara- Ainu Throat SingingRekuhkara- Ainu Throat Singing アイヌのレクㇷカラ（喉遊び歌) Rekuhkara Men's Rekuhkara
Reference: Rekuhkara (Wikipedia)
Overtone Singing"Amazing Grace " Throat singing Khoomii Amazing Grace with Overtone Chant Three Rare Styles of Overtone Singing (Throat Singing) Rollin Rachele "Overtone Singing" Music Video Overtones in the Snow Mikuskovics: "Didgeridoo & Overtone Singing"
Overtone Singing TutorialsOvertone singing tutorial How to sing OVERTONES: Part 1/2 How to amplify your OVERTONES: Part 2/2 Overtone Singing in Concert - Miroslav Grosser (Berlin) Overtone singing - basic techniques Overtone singing guide - more western style Overtone Singing Tutorial by Sound Medicine Master Throat Singing tutorial Overtone singing tutorial Throat Singing Tutorial Throat (Harmonic) Singing (www.rhythmuseum.com) How To THROAT-SING (www.tarbagan.net) How to do Tibetan Throat Singing
Overtone singing - The "Deep Voice"Overtone:The term may also indicate the application of a harsh voice or some other constriction
The "Deep Voice" is often used in Tibetan Tantric Chants. As explained by the Master Nestor Kornblum, those chants are called Tantric because balance the masculine and feminine aspects of one's energy system. Singer: Nestor Kornblum. Recorded in Spain at "The Dome" Alcalalì. Reference: Tantric "Deep Voice"
Reference: "Deep Voice" Overtone Singing --Live exercises of overtones singing in the Dome, Alcalalì - Spain Singers Gianni Bardaro, Jose Angel Rodriguez, Oscar Jareno.
Altai and KhakassiaTuva’s neighbouring states, the Altai Republic to the west, and Khakassia to the northwest, have developed forms of throat singing called ‘’kai’’, or ‘’khai’’. In Altai, this is used mostly for epic poetry performance, to the accompaniment of topshur. Altai narrators ("kai-chi") perform in kargyraa, khöömei and sygyt styles, which are similar to Tuvan. They also have their own style, a very high harmonics, emerging from kargyraa. Variations of kai are called karkyra, sybysky, homei and sygyt. The first well-known kai-chi was Kalkin. ref:Wiki:Overtone
Rock style Throat SingingWell, it's time now to listen to some modern folk rock music from Mongolia. The singer this time is Khuumei Zorigoo, there isn't much info and photos about him in the web but he's a former member of Altain Orgil, one of the most famous and famed mongolian bands. One of the greatest features mongolian music has brought to this world, and that you can find in this song, is the throat singing and the horse-headed fiddle. Traditional plus modern music in one song, that's quite amazing, at least for me ;-). Reference: khuumei-zorigoo-tsast-tsagaan
Kalmyk Throat SingingThe Republic of Kalmykia (Russian: Респу́блика Калмы́кия, tr. Respublika Kalmykiya) is a member of the Russian Federation. It is the only Buddhist region in Europe. Kalmykia is located on the shores of the Caspian Sea. Reference: Kalmykia (Wikipedia)
Vladimir Karuev (Russian: Владимир Каруев) is the national kalmyk jangartschi. He was born on the way home from exile in Siberia in 1957. His Russian name is Vladimir Karuev, but when he was born, his mother gave him the Kalmyk name Okna Tsagan Zam (Kalmyk: Окна Цаhан Зам, Russian: Окна Цаган Зам). Tsagan Zam means The White Road, in a free translation means something like “The way to freedom”, Okna is his father’s name. For several years he has devoted himself to preserving Kalmyk epics by rooting it in the mongol culture. This has led him to practice different techniques of overtone singing from Mongolia, Tuva and Tibet. Reference: Biography: Vladimir Karuev
Inuit orertone singingInuit orertone singing- The resurgence of a once-dying Inuit tradition called katajjaq is currently under way in Canada. Inuit throat singing was a form of entertainment among Inuit women while the men were away on hunting trips. It was an activity that was primarily done by Inuit women, though men also did it. In the Inuit language Inuktitut, throat singing is called katajjaq, pirkusirtuk or nipaquhiit depending on the Canadian Arctic region. It was regarded more as a type of vocal or breathing game in the Inuit culture rather than a form of music. Inuit throat singing is generally done by two individuals but can involve four or more people together as well. In Inuit throat singing, two Inuit women would face each other either standing or crouching down while holding each other's arms. One would lead with short deep rhythmic sounds while the other would respond. The leader would repeat sounds with short gaps in between. The follower would fill in these gaps with her own rhythmic sounds. Sometimes both Inuit women would be doing a dance like movement like rocking from left to right while throat singing. The practice is compared more to a game or competition than to a musical style. In the game, Inuit women sit or stand face-to-face and create rhythmic patterns.
References: Inuit throat singing (Wikipedia) Throat Singing Music In Inuit Culture (www.freespiritgallery.ca) Overtone singing (Wikipedia)
RekuhkaraRekuhkara (from Sakhalin Ainu rekuh レクㇷ 'throat'; rekut レクㇳ or レクッ in Hokkaidō Ainu) is a style of singing, similar to Inuit throat singing, that was practised by the Ainu until 1976 when the last practitioner died. The Sakhalin spelling rekuxkara or the Japanese spelling rekukkara (レクッカラ in Katakana) can also be encountered. The Ainu method involved two women facing each other, with one forming a tube with her hands and chanting into the oral cavity of her partner. The technique is essentially one where the "giver" provides the voice and the "receiver", holding her glottis closed, uses her vocal tract to modulate the sound stream.
Reference: Reference: Rekuhkara (Wikipedia)